Friday, 12 February 2016

Test Your Knowledge - "Biosolids" Quiz ... What are they putting on that farmer's field?


Test Your Knowledge - "Biosolids" Quiz - Take it Here -  

https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/DJ8SP2Q


A word first from microbiologist Dr. Richard Honour on terminology

"Rather than using the euphemistic term "biosolids," in our work, we prefer the term "toxic sewage sludge." The solids that come out the back end of everybody's publicly owned treatment works, or waste water treatment plant is "sludge" - it is known as "sludge" under any federal definition. Because it is toxic material, we refer to it as "toxic sewage sludge" It is "toxic" because nearly everything that is used and manufactured by people ends up in sewage, and anything that goes down any sink, shower drain, laundry outfall, any industrial waste disposal system, medical centers, and street and roadway runoff, ends up in the inflows of the wastewater treatment plant. Every toxic material known to man, ends up in these plants,
In the business of sewage sludge, the common term is "land-application" We reject that term, as it is actually a method of disposal."  (Dr. Richard Honour talks about the many dangers of land-disposed sewage sludge - interview - https://www.brighteon.com/5973823313001)



For more information on the quiz questions - 


1. Which European country completely banned the spreading of "sewage sludge/biosolids" on agricultural soils  because of "the risk of irreversible damage to the soil, the danger to public health and possible negative effects on the quality of the food farmers produce"
For more on this see - Switzerland ban on biosolids -  https://bit.ly/2Fc6ObP

2. A US federal judge ordered the Agriculture Department to compensate a farmer whose land was poisoned by sludge from the waste treatment plant. How many cows died due to this "application?"
For more on this see - http://www2.ljworld.com/news/2008/mar/07/fertilizer_sludge_poisoning_land/

3. Of the thousands of pollutants acknowledged to exist in most "sewage sludge/biosolids," how many toxins are actually tested for as mandated by legislation in the Canada, the EU and the USA?
For more on this see - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sewage_sludge 

4. In 2014, the U.S. Geological Survey tested a Colorado wheat field that used treated "sewage sludge/biosolids." Chemicals in antibacterial soaps, cleaners, and prescription drugs not only persisted in the topsoil, but migrated down. At what depth were they detected in the soil after 18 months? 

5. "U.S. Geological Survey scientists found that biosolids contain relatively high concentrations of the active ingredients commonly found in a variety of household products and drugs ... scientists purchased or obtained nine different commercially or publicly available "biosolids" and analyzed them for 87 organic chemicals found in cleaners, personal care products, pharmaceuticals, and other products." How many chemicals were present in EVERY "biosolid" sample including compounds that are pharmaceutically and hormonally active?
For more on this see - https://toxics.usgs.gov/highlights/biosolids.html

6. The David Suzuki Foundation found high levels of chemicals in test samples of biosolids taken from a ranch in BC. The findings showed levels of chemicals that exceed the limits outlined in the BC Contaminated Sites Regulations. Which chemicals were these?
For more on this see - https://www.merrittherald.com/suzuki-foundation-testing-finds-toxicity-in-local-biosolids/

7. The U.S. Geological Survey scientists confirmed that rainfall mobilized chemicals (including detergents, fire retardants, plasticizers, and antibacterials) from municipal biosolids-amended agricultural fields, directly to runoff. Most (14 of 17) of the chemicals examined were present in edge-of-the-field runoff and not depleted in concentration after how many 100-year rainfall events?
For more on this see - https://toxics.usgs.gov/highlights/2017-08-02-chem_in_biosolids.html 

8. A new study (January, 2019) from the UK, found that " EC (environmental chemical) exposure, via sewage sludge, at concentrations and complexity relevant to humans ... is a significant contributor to abnormal liver physiology and … causes major physiological changes in the liver, likely to affect multiple systems in the body and which may predispose individuals to increased disease risks" What animals, grazing on fields applied with "biosolids," were tested?
For more on this see - A new study (January, 2019 https://bit.ly/2WmrF0F) has just been published by a group of scientists from various universities around the UK, which has clearly demonstrated the danger of this "cocktail mix" of pollutants found in all biosolids - it is titled - "Long-term exposure to chemicals in sewage sludge fertilizer alters liver lipid content in females and cancer marker expression in males" As it states,  "this study shows that chronic EC (environmental chemical) exposure, via sewage sludge, at concentrations and complexity relevant to humans ... is a significant contributor to abnormal liver physiology and … causes major physiological changes in the liver, likely to affect multiple systems in the body and which may predispose individuals to increased disease risks"  (Note that the UK, and the EU generally, have tougher pollutant guidelines than we do in North America for "biosolids" - they followed the "biosolids" application rules … and still the sheep began to show abnormalities).

9. In November in the USA, the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency), published a notice saying it could no longer assure the public that "biosolids" were safe. They admit they do not know the risks involved with spreading hundreds of pollutants onto farm soils - they identified 352 toxins of special note. Of those, how many did the EPA categorize as "acutely hazardous, hazardous or priority pollutants" ?
For more on this see - Unregulated / untested pollutants - https://bit.ly/2BLyhNz "the EPA (listing 352 serious toxins in biosolids) cannot determine whether biosolids pollutants, with incomplete risk assessments, are safe"

10. Which of the following major food processing companies will not accept produce that is grown on land treated with "biosolids"
For more on this see - https://www.researchgate.net/publication/7420466_The_Dirty_Work_of_Promoting_Recycling_of_America's_Sewage_Sludge